The Parthenon


The Parthenon

The Parthenon is dedicated to Athena Parthenos. She was Athena the Virgin and patron goddess of Athens . This is one of the most religious shrines in the Acropolis. Visitors are not allowed inside to protect the monument as well as the restoration work that is taking place. Only priests and honored visitors were allowed in the Parthenon during the antiquity ages. The monumental statue of Athena stood thirty-six feet inside the temple. There are no longer any remains of the statue but there is a small Roman copy in the national Archaeological Museum . There are also horrible renditions in strange souvenirs

The Parthenon is an optical illusion of sorts. The temple looks more graceful at several different spots in Acropolis. The columns, stairs and the floor all appear straight, because they are slightly curved. Each exterior column is slightly thicker in the middle and makes the column appear straight

The Parthenon has seventeen columns on each side and eight at each end. There are forty-six columns in all and each looks more graceful than the columns on the Temple of Hephaistos , which only has six columns at each end and thirteen along each side

The Parthenon appears very airy, as it is open to the elements. In 1687, the Venetians attempted to capture the Acropolis from the Turks and blew off the entire roof of the Parthenon. Shells and explosives also destroyed much of the interior of the Parthenon. Lord Elgin, a British gentleman, eventually took most of the remaining sculptures to London in the early 19 th century. These sculptures were known as the Elgin marbles and they are on display in the British Museum . The Greeks continue to work on getting the sculptures back and into Greece . An English historian, William St. Clair, wrote a book called Lord Elgin and the Marbles , fought for the marbles claiming that the museum had over-cleaned the sculptures and that the outer patina and many details of the sculptures had been cleaned away. The museum said that the damage wasn’t bad and that they would continue to house the sculptures

The Parthenon had originally featured sculptures on both of its pediments and a frieze ran around the entire temple. The frieze featured several triglyphs and metopes that alternated. The east side shows scenes from the birth of Athena and the west pediment shows Athena and Poseidon’s contest for the city

The Acropolis Archeological Museum sits in an area as not to disturb the view of the Acropolis and the ancient monuments. Inside you will be able to see four of the six original Caryatides from the Temple of Erechtheion . You will also see statues of smiling maidens and young men. There is a 5 th century relief on exhibit called the Mourning of Athena, the Calfbearer, and the three-headed Tryphon. There are also traces of ancient paint on the Tryphon’s sculptures

The Acropolis has been undergoing extensive renovation for the past few years. This may or may not be occurring when you visit the Acropolis. They also have a planned elevator to be installed to make it easier to get up the steep hill. If you find the Acropolis too crowded, there are many great views of it from surrounding hills including the Hill of Pnyx and the Hill of Filopappos. They are also building a new Acropolis Museum , should the Elgin Marbles ever be returned and to house other ancient sculptures. Most of what you see at the Acropolis was built in the mid-5 th century B.C. This is the time when Pericles had the Parthanon rebuilt as well as several other temples and monuments were built. A century ago there were also many mosques and churches including a Frankish bell tower, but the archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann was offended by the bell tower and paid to have it destroyed

The Acropolis has endured many hardships and there has been a lot of work done to restore them and protect them as they are a delicate part of history in Greece

Hello everyone, I’m Anthony Jackson, a passionate traveler always eager to explore the fascinating corners of our world. I joined this team with a mission to share my travel experiences and tips, aiming to provide you with memorable and exciting journeys.
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